EFFECTIVE SENTENCE STRUCTURES TOGET AN 7.0+
1. Position statement:·The price of gas stood at $2.75 per gallon.·In 2005, the sugar export accounted for about 10% of total exports.2. Movement statements·There wasa decrease in the price of gas/ gas prices.·There wasan increase in the sugar export/ export of sugar/ exportedsugar.·Gas prices/ the price of gas decreased.·The export of sugar/ the sugar export/ the exported sugarincreased.·Gas prices/ the price of gas experienced a decrease.·The export of sugar/ the sugar export/ the exported sugar witnessed anincrease.3. Time phrases·From 1990 to 1995·Between 1990 and 1995·During/throughout the period from 1995 to 2005·During a period of 10 years·Over the (three-month) period (between April and June)·In 1990·By 1995·For 5 years4. Grammar variationsConnecting sentences together makes your writing more interesting and canhelp to improve your band score – but you should aim to vary the way youlink sentences. Here are a couple options to try instead of just using “then”:·CD sales increased steadily from 2005 until 2010,thenfell slightly in
the following year.·CD sales increased steadily from 2005 until 2010,beforefallingslightly in the following year.·Afterincreasing steadily from 2005 until 2010,CD sales fell slightly inthe following year.5. Vocabulary variationsAgain, these variations increase the range of language you use, which canmake your writing more interesting and benefit your band score. ·There was a slight fall in CD sales in 2010. ·(The year) 2010 saw a slight fall in CD sales.·CD sales experienced a slight fall in 2010. 6. Giving evidence (data)When you describe the key information in a diagram, it’s extremely importantto include evidence to support your idea. This means you add data: specificnumbers, percentages, etc.For example:·CD sales increased slightly from 52 (million) to 70 million unitsbetween 2009 and 2010.·CD sales increased slightly from 52 million units in 2010 to 70 millionthe following year.·CD sales increased by eight million units from 2009 to 2010. ·During the period from 1990 to 1995, there was a decrease in gas pricesfrom$2.70 to$2.75 per gallon.·There was an increase in the sugar export between May and Augustfrom about 10% to over 20%.·Between 1990 and 1995, the price of gas decreased from $2.75 to $2.70per gallon.·The sugar export increased from approximately 10% to more than 20%between May and August.·From 1990 to 1995, the price of gas experienced a decrease from $2.75to $2.70 per gallon.
·The sugar export witnessed an increase between May and August fromaround 10% to over 20%.Vocabulary noteNote the way we use prepositions with numbers and dates:1998200045%20%·In 2000 the number fell to20%.·In 2000 the number fell by 25%.·The number fell/dropped from45% in 1998 to 20% in 2010.·The number fell/dropped from45% to 20% between 1995 and 1997.You can use a combination of verb + adverb, or adjective + noun, to avoidrepeating the same phrases and to add extra meaning:·There was a significant increase/rise in the number of X.·The number of X increased/rose significantly.Notice that you need a preposition when you use the noun form:·There was an increase in house prices;·There was a drop of 10% in the number of male students who studiedabroad.Those above are all about the unique things when it comes to your task 1description. This is a suitable range. So, when it comes to the sentencestructures, pay attention to these, and pay attention to the parts of thesestructures because that is what you will be doing when it comes to describing.Understand that the grammarnever changes, the verbs never change. Theystay the same. You are dealing with a limited number of words, a limitednumber of structures. The only thing that changes is what you are talkingabout. We might be talking about the purchase of Honda, or we might talkabout the number of members at a club or we might talk about the dollarsearned or the kilometers travelled or the number of books sold. It doesn’t
matter. That is the only thing that changes. It is very mathematicalWhen it comes to task 1, you need to use certain kinds of language:1. COMPARISON AND SUPERLATIVE LANGUAGE:The language weshould use in task 1 writing is the language of comparison and superlative.We can compare X and Y by using superlatives.For example:Honda was the mostpopular motorbike.(Superlative language)Or: Honda produced the mostsold motorbikes.·Honda wasmorepopularthanany other motorbike.(Comparisonlanguage)·Moremalesthanfemaleschose Honda.·Fewerfemalesthanmaleschose Honda.·Honda wasmorepopularamongmalesthanfemales.·Honda was lesspopularamongfemalesthanmales.·The most popularmeans of transport was Honda.·Honda wasmorepopularthanany other means of transport.·Honda was the most popularmeans of transport.·Honda was chosen by moremalesthanfemales.·A higher percentage ofmales chose Honda than males.·Compared to/withthe number of females, the number of males wereconsiderably higher.·The number of males were considerably higher compared to/withthenumber of females.2. TREND LANGUAGE:
If we have 2 time points (that could be days/weeks/months/years/decades),we need to use trend language. We need to talk about “increase”,“decrease”.We could talk about 1990 and 2000, or we could talk about January and June,or we could talk about Monday and Friday. It doesn’t matter.Note: if they give you a diagram with just one year, all we can do is just tocompare, we cannot use trend language “increase”, “decrease”,“fluctuated”. In other words, we cannot talk about movement.On the other hand, if they give you two years, three years, or four years, theystill wantcomparison,but now they also wanttrend language. They alsowant you to talk about movement. These are really two basic groups oflanguage that you need to use to describe diagrams: comparison and trendlanguage