IELTS Map Vocabulary
n some cases, Task 1 of IELTS writing asks the test taker to describe a map.
This map vocabulary section helps you to understand the main phrases, language and the vocabularies that can be used while describing ielts maps in writing task 1. The criteria you need to keep in mind while answering this question is task achievement, lexical resource, coherence and cohesion, grammatical range and accuracy. If you have a good vocabulary, you can get a high IELTS band score in this section. Your knowledge of lexical resource is assessed by the following points:
- Usage of appropriate synonyms in your writing.
- Usage of appropriate ielts map vocabulary in your writing.
- While paraphrasing, you can repeat the words only if there is no alternative. Else try to write your own words.
- You will be able to achieve a high band if uncommonly used vocabulary is included in your writing.
- Do not repeat the words.
- Use accurate words in the sentence, which matches the question.
IELTS task 1 map vocabulary
There are various phrases that can be used to explain things. But there are certain words which can be used to describe the ielts map or a diagram which are as follows:
Adverbs and Prepositions
- To the north/To the south/To the east/To the west
- Across the road
- Before you get to
- In the middle of = in the centre of
- Just beyond = a little beyond = just past
- To the left of/ To the right of
- Go up/Go down
- Start by
- Is located = is situated = lies = there is = is
- Run through = cross = pass through = go through
- Cross = pass over = cut across
- Crossroad = intersection = junction
- Hosing area = residential area = sleeping area
- Entrance = doorway
- Path = way
- Area = field = zone
- Site = place = location
- Edge = boundary = end = fringe
- The railway runs through the pass-through/ crosses/ goes through Z.
- A is located in the northeast of the town.
- X is situated in the northeast of the town, just behind the housing area.
- A is located in the northeast of B, which has a lot of population.
- Y is located in the centre of the town, which has a railway running through it from north to south.
You need to be careful while paraphrasing the sentences. Sometimes the words that you paraphrase may not be appropriate
- Town centre = city centre may be the wrong word used because the town cannot be a city. So the correct paraphrasing should be the centre of the town
IELTS map writing vocabulary
In order to succeed in getting a good band score, you have to know some of the vocabulary given below.
Eg: The map is illustrated with colors.
Eg: This map clearly describes that the cyclone is moving towards the north.
Eg: The drought-prone areas are demonstrated in the map, by conducting a soil test.
Eg: Those shades of grey in the map, represent the drought-prone areas.
Eg: The map reflects that the Indian borders are shrinking.
Eg: The map clearly shows that there would be rainfall in southern areas.
- According to
Eg: The building is constructed according to the map.
- Provides detail of
Eg: The map provides details of deviations in the building.
- Gives information about
Eg: The map gives information about the irrigation channels used in the field.
System of Co-ordinates
Eg: The x-axis represents the countries.
Eg: The trends observed from the map, are not positive
Eg: A map flashed onscreen, indicating a location with the proper coordinates beside it.
- Vertical axis Y
Eg: The vertical axis Y shows the time taken.
- Horizontal axis X
Eg: The horizontal axis X represents the participants.
Eg: The row runs horizontally in the excel sheet.
Eg: The column runs vertically in the excel sheet.
Eg: A cell is a rectangular box that occurs at the intersection of a vertical column and a horizontal row in a worksheet.
Eg: Data is the entry made on a cell in the workbook.
- Go up
Eg: I go up to the rooftop when I want to see the blue sky.
Eg: Howard had to gradually increase the speed of his bike.
Eg: Sales reached its peak during the winter.
Eg: You have to jump over the wall to reach there.
Eg: The water is starting to rise slightly in the flooded basement.
- Come down
Eg: I’ll come down in a few minutes.
Eg: There was a decrease in rainfall, this year.
Eg: She declined the offer.
Eg: There was a fall in the gold rates after the pandemic.
Eg: The opinions of present-day economists appear to fluctuate between these two extremes.
- Over the time period
Eg: The land turned fertile over a time period.
Eg: It was estimated that the city would develop in 10 years of time.
Eg: The rainfall decreased gradually and stopped in the month of November.
Eg: The neem trees grew rapidly.
Eg: You have to explain further.
Eg: Lissy had to make up for the loss.
- Per week/month
Eg: The graph shows the rainfall per week.
- Account for
Eg: Iraqi oil exports account for about 1 per cent of world supply.
Eg: The meteorological department projected rainfall of about 23%.
Eg: The temperature in Rajasthan is substantially higher than that of eastern India.
Eg: The house is situated near the lake.
Eg: At last! he located the spot.
Eg: In the vicinity are several cheap hotels.
Eg: Ladakh is situated in the Northeast of India.
Eg: In Fengshui, the kitchen has to be in the Southeast corner.
Eg: Punjab is situated in the Northwest of India.
Eg: She renovated the Southwest portion of the house.
Eg: The cyclone is moving towards the north.
Eg: He hails from the deep south.
Eg: The sun rises in the east.
Eg: The suns sets in the west.
- Was reported
Eg: The crime was reported last month.
- On the other hand
Eg: It seems like a great building, on the other hand, you are displacing a lot of animals by building it.
- Was noted
Eg: It was noted that it rains a lot in Cherrapunji.
Eg: Overall, its not a good time to invest in gold.
- It can be concluded that
Eg: It can be concluded that he is dead.
- To summarize
Eg : He was asked to summarize all the points.
- In total
Eg: Last night she risked her life climbing down the stairs in total darkness
Thus the IELTS writing task 1 asks you to use different vocabularies for the data given for the map. You should be able to choose the main features and explain their trend, compare and contrast the data, check if 2 maps are given in order etc.
What is meant by map vocabulary?
Map vocabulary is the set of words and collocations that are needed to describe a map (a visual representation)
What are the different types of maps?
Political maps, topographic maps, time zone maps, physical maps, road maps, geologic maps, and zip code maps are all examples of reference maps. Thematic maps show the variation of a topic (the theme) across a geographic area.
How to describe maps?
You need to use map vocabulary. One example would be
B which is situated north east of A has a population of 40,000.
Explanation : Situated – is a word to denote location
: north east – denotes direction
Is there a structure to be followed while describing maps?
Yes. Every Task 1 essay has to follow the same structure, which is,
Give some examples of vocabulary related to maps.
In the introduction – you may use illustrate
To describe a location – you may use the cardinal directions like north, east, etc.
In conclusion – you may use Overall