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Homophones (Commonly Confused Words): Knob vs nob

Posted: September 4, 2019 at 9:46 am   /   Grammar

Knob and nob are commonly confused words that are pronounced in the same way when spoken aloud but are spelled differently and mean different things, which makes them homophones. Homophones are a group of words with different spellings, the same pronunciations, and different meanings. Homophones exist because of our ever-changing English language and are a challenge for those […]

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Learn Idioms

Posted: September 4, 2019 at 8:10 am   /   Grammar

An idiom is a word or phrase whose meaning can’t be understood outside its cultural context. These expressions are usually figurative and would be nonsensical if read literally. Although most of us only use a few idioms in our everyday speech, it’s believed that there are tens of thousands of them in the English language. Some idioms […]

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Tenses: Future Perfect Continuous Formation and Usage

Posted: August 27, 2019 at 3:13 pm   /   Grammar

Structure of future perfect continuous (subject + will + have + been + verb+ing) Now, let’s discuss how to use it. Its most common use is to say ‘how long‘ up to a point in the future. We use it with ‘for + a time period‘. This is very similar to the way we use […]

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Fluency and Cohesion

Posted: June 23, 2019 at 10:07 am   /   Grammar

Connectives are words or phrases that connect and relate sentences and paragraphs. They help to build the logical flow of ideas as they signal the relationship between sentences and paragraphs. You can see some of the more commonly used connectives in the table below. These words and expressions help to develop, relate, connect and even moveideas. The […]

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Correct usage of Word and Sentence Stress

Posted: June 23, 2019 at 10:01 am   /   Grammar

One of the four areas that you’ll receive a grade for is pronunciation; in fact, pronunciation accounts for 25% of the speaking score. What is word stress? In English, when a word has more than one syllable, one part of the word will be more stressed than the other; this is called word stress. And […]

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Basic Noun Groups

Posted: May 22, 2019 at 9:54 am   /   Grammar

◆COMMON NOUNS◆ These refer to indefinite objects, persons or places and are generic names. They don’t begin with a Capital letter unless used in the beginning of a sentence. ● Examples— a park (place) a spoon (object) a doctor (person) ◆PROPER NOUNS◆ These refer to particular or definite objects, places or persons. Proper Nouns begin with a Capital letter. ● […]

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Which is grammatically correct: “compare to” or “compare with”?

Posted: May 3, 2019 at 3:52 pm   /   Grammar

Both are correct. Always remember — Compare with — Difference between similar things. Compare to — Resemblance between different things. Compare with is used to bring out the differences between similar entities. For example — Raam and Shyam are my students. Raam is more intelligent when compared with Shyam. Here you see, Both Raam and Shyam are similarly placed. But, their differences are highlighted and we use compare with. Compare to is used to bring out similarities between two unlike entities. For instance — Shakespeare […]

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Posted: April 23, 2019 at 2:13 pm   /   Grammar


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NEWS: Singular or Plural ?

Posted: April 16, 2019 at 8:37 am   /   Grammar

Should we say the news is good or the news are good? This a common mistake that English learners often make with “news.” The word “news” in English is singular and uncountable. So we use the singular forms of verbs, like is and was: the news is on channel Sony, the news was surprising. Do not use are or were with News. ” With uncountable […]

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“Please Find Attached” is WRONG

Posted: March 31, 2019 at 11:21 am   /   Grammar

While drafting e-mails, people generally use the phrase “Please find attached” to refer to an attached document. Technically, this portrays that the sender seems to have lost the file, and is asking the recipient to find it. A better, correct usage would be “please see attached”, or better “please refer to/review the attached document”.

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Compound-Complex Sentences

Posted: March 12, 2019 at 1:14 pm   /   Grammar

As the name suggests, a compound-complex sentence brings both of these sentence forms together. That is, it contains at least two independent clauses (like a compound sentence) and at least one dependent clause (like a complex sentence). For example: Erin loves her brother, and he loves her too because she pays his bills.The dog ran […]

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Complex Sentences

Posted: March 12, 2019 at 1:10 pm   /   Grammar

Complex sentences are fascinating components of the English language. When used properly, they can add depth to our writing. Complex sentences contain an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. An independent clause has the ability to stand alone as a sentence. It always makes a complete thought. A dependent clause cannot stand alone, even though it has a […]

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Compound Sentence

Posted: March 12, 2019 at 1:02 pm   /   Grammar

A compound sentence is made up of two or more simple sentences joined with a conjunction. Notice that there are some key characteristics of a compound sentence: 1. It is made up of simple sentences. 2. It is made when simple sentences are joined with a conjunction. 1. John walked to class, but Kevin ran. 2. I […]

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Word classes (Parts of Speech)

Posted: March 3, 2019 at 11:08 am   /   Grammar

Verb: climb, eat, welcome, be Noun: aircraft, country, lady, hour Adjective: good, British, cold, quick Adverb: quickly, always, approximately Preposition: to, of, at, on Determiner: the, his, some, forty-five Pronoun: we, you, them, myself Conjunction: and, but, so NOTE There is also a small class of words called ‘interjections’. They include oh, ah and mhm. […]

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A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush

Posted: February 23, 2019 at 1:52 pm   /   Grammar

‘A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush’ is the best-known proverb in English and came into the language in the 15th century, It warns against taking unnecessary risks – it is better to keep what you have (a bird) than to risk getting more and ending with nothing (two birds out of your […]

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